Kumbhalgarh Fort is located 64 kms from Udaipur in Rajasmand district.
This is the approach by road. I was struck with its beauty. Reminds me of some of the castles I've seen in Bavaria & Spain.
The Fort was built by Maharana Rana Kumbha in the 15th century (1443 A.D completion).
The fortifications of the fort extend 36 kilometers making it the the second longest wall in the world, the first being ''the Great Wall of China''.
It's one of the few forts in history that was never conquered by direct assault and fell only once, due to a shortage of drinking water. This helped the combined armies of the Mughal Emperor Akbar of Delhi,, Raja Man Singh of Amber, the Sultan of Gujarat, and Raja Udai Singh of Mewar to breach its defences.
The walls are broad enough to ride eight horses side by side.... 15 feet thick in some places. And there are 360 temples inside the fort complex.
The wall stretches across the Aravali Mountains.
300 are Jain Temples. The rest are Hindu.
Jain Temple Complex
Ganesh Temple, Kumbhalgarh Fort
Neelkanth Mahadev (Shiva) templeI was struck by how much this looks like a Greek Temple. Alexander the Great never conquered India but his armies did reach the borders of Rajasthan in 327BC.
Quote from Wikipedia :
According to Plutarch, at the time of Alexander's Battle of the Hydaspes River, the size of the Magadha's (he was a Indian King) army further east numbered 200,000 infantry, 80,000 cavalry, 8,000 chariots, and 6,000 war elephants, which was discouraging for Alexander's men and stayed their further progress into India:
|“||As for the Macedonians, however, their struggle with Porus blunted their courage and stayed their further advance into India. For having had all they could do to repulse an enemy who mustered only twenty thousand infantry and two thousand horse, they violently opposed Alexander when he insisted on crossing the river Ganges also, the width of which, as they learned, was •thirty-two furlongs, its depth •a hundred fathoms, while its banks on the further side were covered with multitudes of men-at‑arms and horsemen and elephants. For they were told that the kings of the Ganderites and Praesii were awaiting them with eighty thousand horsemen, two hundred thousand footmen, eight thousand chariots, and six thousand fighting elephants. And there was no boasting in these reports. For Androcottus, who reigned there not long afterwards, made a present to Seleucus of five hundred elephants, and with an army of six hundred thousand men overran and subdued all India.||”|
Exhausted and frightened by the prospect of facing another giant Indian army at the Ganges River, his army mutinied at the Hyphasis (modern Beas), refusing to march further East. Alexander, after the meeting with his officer Coenus, was convinced that it was better to return.